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Developing with libyui/libzypp & python – part1

September 14th, 2008 by

In a small series of posts I’ll describe some tips and tricks for developing with libyui and libzypp in python.
Thanks to the YaST developers and Klaus Kaempf, there are bindings to libyui the Yast User Interface library for python.
For libzypp there are also python-bindings done by Duncan Mac-Vicar Prett and Arvin Schnell.
Both are generated with the swig code generator and are not perfect yet, but as we’ll see they’re pretty usable.

One big problem we need to solve is: libyui and libzypp are part of your base-system/YaST. If we would update them in the main system,
we would probably screw up zypper and YaST – which is bad.
Therefore I compiled libyui and libzypp and all other needed packages with an custom –prefix (/opt/yuitest) inside the openSUSE Buildservice.
Thus we can easily install the latest version without breaking our system.

In this first part we’ll install and test libyui.

So lets start with adding the Buildservice repo:
For 11.0:
zypper ar -r http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/home:/dl9pf:/yuitest/openSUSE_11.0/home:dl9pf:yuitest.repo

For 10.3
zypper ar -r  http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/home:/dl9pf:/yuitest/openSUSE_10.3/home:dl9pf:yuitest.repo

Then refresh zypper:
zypper ref

Install the new packages:
zypper install po-python-yui prefix-opt-yast2-qt prefix-opt-yast2-ncurses

Now we have installed the new libraries in parallel under /opt/yuitest . But we need to make sure these libraries are used.
We need to set some environment variables – LD_LIBRARY_PATH and PYTHONPATH – before launching python.
To do this I created a bash wrapper “mypyhton” in ~/bin/ with the content:
For 32bit:
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/yuitest/lib/ PYTHONPATH=/opt/yuitest/lib/python2.5/site-packages/ python $@

For 64bit:
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/yuitest/lib64/ PYTHONPATH=/opt/yuitest/lib64/python2.5/site-packages/ python $@

So for easy cut’n’paste :
cat << EOF > ~/bin/mypython
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/yuitest/lib/ PYTHONPATH=/opt/yuitest/lib/python2.5/site-packages/ python \$@

cat << EOF > ~/bin/mypython
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/yuitest/lib64/ PYTHONPATH=/opt/yuitest/lib64/python2.5/site-packages/ python \$@

Not to forget:
chmod u+x ~/bin/mypython

Let’s test what we’ve done: download and run the first example code!

mkdir source
cd source
wget -nd "http://svn.opensuse.org/svn/yast/trunk/libyui-bindings/swig/python/examples/hello_world.py"
mypython hello_world.py

TADA 😉 – you should see a QT GUI.

But libyui can do more – it even works on the console as you know yast works there.

export DISPLAY2=$DISPLAY  #save display
mypython hello_world.py

Hey 😉 , now you can see the blue console interface.

Let’s restore the DISPLAY variable for now …

If you retry now, you’ll see the graphical UI again.

Next: Advanced libyui example and install of libzypp python-bindings.

My special thanks go to: Klaus Kaempf, Stefan Hundhammer, Michael Andres, Michael Matz, Martin Vidner, Duncan Mac-Vicar Prett and Arvin Schnell.

P.S.: The wallpaper can be found here.

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2 Responses to “Developing with libyui/libzypp & python – part1”

  1. Totally off topic.. Where I can download that wallpaper? 🙂